The common myrtle, often known as the mytle, is a species of flowering plant belonging to the Myrtaceae family of myrtles. It is an evergreen plant that is indigenous to West Asia, North Africa, and Southern Europe. It is also common in Australia, North Western Himalaya, South America, and the Mediterranean region. It is one of the four species that Jews use in their religious rites during the Sukkot holiday. Foxtail Myrtle, Echte Myrte, Maile Haole, Mirto, Mrca, Murta, Myrte, Periwinkle, Rihan, Tassie Berry, Common Myrtle, True Myrtle, Sweet Myrtle, Roman Myrtle, and

Corsican pepper are a few of the most well-known common names for the plant. Greek word myrtle is the source of the genus epithet "Myrtus." The word "communis" in the species epithet means "common" or "growing in groups."

The essential oil is produced from a wide range of therapeutic uses, or the leaves are dried and used in cooking nearly like bay leaves. In some cases, the fruit is also used to create mirto, a type of alcohol that is popular on various Greek Islands. Myrtle's essential oil, which may be used in aromatherapy and has remarkable effects on your health, is, nevertheless, the most widely used part of the plant. By steam distilling the leaves, the essential oil, which has a eucalyptus-like scent, is obtained.

Moreover, thyme has a number of healthy minerals and vitamins. Thyme is loaded with vitamin C to strengthen the immune system, potassium to maintain healthy cells, and manganese to assist bone growth and blood coagulation.

Since the time of the Bible, meat has been flavoured with myrtle leaves, branches, and fruits in western Asia and the Mediterranean islands of Sardinia, Corsica, and Crete. Black pepper was replaced with the dried berries.

Internal use of the plant is used to treat dry coughs, sinusitis, bronchial congestion, vaginal discharge, urinary infections, and digestive issues. It is seen as helpful in India for the treatment of neurological conditions, particularly epilepsy.