Form: Raw Herb

The Polypodiaceae family includes the perennial fern Polypodium vulgare L. It has been grown all over the world and utilised for traditional medicine, fragrance flavouring, and the application of essential oils.

Most Polypodium vulgare plants have polypody rhizomes that contain tannins, ecdysteroids, phloroglucins, volatile oil, fixed oil, and saponins (polypodosapogenin).

It is a crucial component of numerous industrial uses, including those in the food and pharmaceutical industries.

The Polypodium vulgare is used to treat liver problems and pleurisy. Due of its sweet flavour, the stem can also be utilised in  Swedish. 
Additionally, it is used as a diuretic, laxative, to treat jaundice, hepatitis, and for skin rashes. Stomach aches and liver and spleen 
diseases are both treated with the root tea.


1. Activity of antioxidants

The body contains a variety of antioxidants that are taken from dietary sources, and they are the most crucial compounds for preventing damage from free radical scavenging, which is brought on by oxidative stress.

2. Excessive Hypertension

Polypodium vulgare roots' aqueous extract had a depressive impact on the CNS. It lowered body temperature, prolonged pentobarbitone-induced hypnosis, decreased spontaneous motor activity, and sped up the response to pain stimuli.

3. Antimicrobial Activity

By assessing the minimum bacterial concentration (MBC) and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values against the gramme positive and gramme negative bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli by standard test, the Polypodium vulgare methanol extract is examined for antibacterial activity.

4. Activity that relaxes smooth muscles
Dual receptor block mechanisms in Polypodium vulgare regulate the effect of smooth muscle relaxation. The utilisation of Polypodium vulgare in the contraction of smooth muscle was established in a study, along with its applications to in vivo and in vitro experimental methodologies and potential underlying mechanisms.

Other Names: 

Basbayeej, Sakeeraghli, Adraas al-kalb, Shutur ‘Alee, Bisfayej, Ba jiao lian, Polypody, Wall Fern, Oak Fern, Brake Root, Rock Brake, Réglisse-des-bois,  Engelsü, Tüpfelfarn, Khankali, Khangali, Polypodium vulgare Linn,Bispay, Baspayek,Bisfayej, Bisfaej